Saturday, June 27, 2020

Waiting for Adulthood Aging in “In the Waiting Room” and “At the Fishhouses” - Literature Essay Samples

Elizabeth Bishop ends her famous poem â€Å"One Art† with the lines, â€Å"It’s evident the art of losing isnt too hard to master / though it may look like†¦ disaster.† Although â€Å"One Art† lists many literal and symbolic forms of loss, the one that becomes the most prominent in Bishop’s poetry is the loss of time. Likewise, her poems â€Å"In the Waiting Room† and â€Å"At the Fishhouses† both display the relationship between individuals’ personal development and the passing of time. In this essay, I intend to explore the different ways in which Bishop uses imagery to demonstrate growth and maturity over time in these poems. Although â€Å"At the Fishhouses,† which was first published in 1947, uses imagery of age and seasons very similar to that in â€Å"The Waiting Room,† which was not written until the 1970s, which suggests The speaker of the poem begins by saying, â€Å"Although it is a cold evening, / down by one of the fishhouses / an old man sits netting.† In emphasizing the cold weather, Bishop is placing the beginning of the timeline in the late fall or winter. With the old man sitting in the cold, perhaps with the risk of freezing by the water, she appears to also be inviting the reader to think of this time as the season of death, or at the very least the season of harsh stillness. Winter is a time in which growth ceases––plants die, animals hibernate, and people retreat to their warm homes––but this man is sitting by the fishhouses in the icy cold regardless. The speaker proceeds to remark on the â€Å"Cold dark deep and absolutely clear, / the clear gray icy water,† reiterating the old man’s presence in an unusual place, and she then notes that â€Å"Back, behind us, / the dignified tall firs begin.† These â€Å"dignified tall firs† have grown from seedlings, so the fact that they are literally behind both the speaker and the old man might suggest that the trees are part of their pasts, and that they are even older than the trees. Later on, the poem’s conclusion indicates the speaker’s acceptance of the passage of time and knowledge when she notes that the present tastes like â€Å" what we imagine knowledge to be: †¦ utterly free †¦ drawn from the cold hard mouth / of the world, derived from the rocky breasts / forever, flowing and drawn, and since / our knowledge is historical, flowing, and flown.† By comparing the current place and time to the knowledge people can only hope to find in life, the speaker is demonstrating her contentedness, acceptance, and perhaps even a sense of achievement for growing up and finding peace. The references to weather and the inclusion of time as an entity in â€Å"At the Fishhouses† bear several parallels to those in â€Å"In the Waiting Room,† but in the latter, they seem to indicate the speaker’s more apprehensive attitude towards the passing of time. When the speaker says â€Å"Outside / †¦ were night and slush and cold / and it was still the fifth / of February, 1918,† it seems that she is referring to the younger version of the speaker, perhaps the young Elizabeth Bishop, returning to her present after being sporadically bounced around between her past, present, and future––she is neither full adult nor full child, because she is only 6, but is now aware of the growth, being, and understanding of adults after reading National Geographic and hearing her aunt scream from the dentist’s chair. This apparently traumatic jolt into the adult world may be the cause for the speaker’s amnesty towards growing older, which seems to be what she is suggesting when her language moves quickly from that of childhood to that of adulthood, which she does at the beginning of the poem when she speaks in very matter-of-fact terms about her surroundings, saying â€Å"It was winter. It got dark / early. The waiting room / was full of grown-up people, / arctics and overcoats.† This technique presents to the reader a childish stream of consciousness and the antsiness of waiting not only to leave the dentist’s office, but also to grow up. In adopting the voice of a child in this poem and finding herself displeased rather than at peace with the winter weather, the speaker seems to be suggesting that she prefers another time than the one she is currently in with both age and season. Another unique way of presenting the passage of time in these two poems is the use of imagery that indicates tenderness and perhaps even childishness, and each method outlines a different attitude towards time elapsing. While the movement to and from adulthood is central to â€Å"In the Waiting Room† since the emphasis is on fast-paced growth and maturity, early life and tender roots are glazed over in â€Å"At the Fishhouses,† which focuses primarily on the present moment despite the artistic acknowledgments of what is literally and figuratively behind her. Meanwhile, in â€Å"In the Waiting Room,† the young speaker moves back and forth between childhood and adulthood in her language. She first notes how long she has been waiting for her aunt, and she shares with the reader in a childlike manner that she is reading National Geographic because â€Å"(she could read).† As the memory of her eyes moving from the science section with the volcano to the high-st yle section with horses to the culture section featuring the naked women, she is shocked into adulthood by the images of a world she’s not yet a part of. Immediately after she sees the image of the woman’s â€Å"horrifying breasts,† she is spurred into womanhood: her aunt’s voice escapes her lips. While â€Å"At the Fishhouses† represents the steady acceptance of this role in the world years later, the speaker is too young to accept this. Although she â€Å" knew that nothing stranger / had ever happened, that nothing / stranger could ever happen,† she returns to childhood as she ponders her upcoming birthday. Ultimately, though, this moment of change has a lasting impact: she cannot help but wonder why it is that she will become a woman, asking herself â€Å"Why should I be my aunt, / or me, or anyone? What similarities /†¦ held us all together / or made us all just one?† Although the adult speaker in â€Å"At the Fishhousesâ⠂¬  may not be able to answer this fully, she does demonstrate the fact that something holds all adults together, and that adulthood must eventually be accepted. In conclusion, â€Å"The Waiting Room† and â€Å"At the Fishhouses both display the relationship between personal development and time passing, but the first shows the reader how it can be sporadic while the second demonstrates how it is eventually accepted. Although the two have different perspectives, they both explore the different ways in which Bishop uses imagery to display growth and maturity over time in her poetry.

Thursday, May 21, 2020

Cultural And Social Aspects Of The Great Depression

Mahatma Gandhi, a legendary activist for humans, once said, â€Å"A nation’s culture resides in the hearts and soul of its people.† People drive our culture not only as a nation, but also as a global community. Without people from the past not only would humans not be able to develop as a society, but they would not be able to learn from mistakes made in the past. This iconic period in American history, known as the Great Depression, truly did change the cultural and social aspects of the United States. In the Great Depression, pop culture provided an outlet for the millions of deprived unemployed Americans. Men commonly fled their homes and families out of shame of their inability to find work, leaving it up to their wives to find jobs and take care of the children. The Great Depression was a hard time for many Americans, but influenced many aspects in their lives of civilians including crime, entertainment, and art. The violent acts of crime that occurred during The G reat Depression caused safety issues for civilians. Herbert Hoover, the president during the Depression, attempted to recover the economic crisis that Americans were quickly spiraling into like water going down a drain. Unfortunately, after multiple disappointing attempts, he failed. The Hunger Games broke out when food riots occurred during the 1930-’31 in multiple cities across the United States. All of these tragic events led to street violence. Gangsters were exceedingly common in the 1930s. Depression EraShow MoreRelatedThe Administration Of President Franklin D. Roosevelt1469 Words   |  6 Pagesthat this administration faced was the Great Depression, left over from late 1929. The Great Depression, and later the Second World War, resulted in political, social, and cultural changes throughout Roosevelt’s presidency, and throughout the country. Some of the main events that occurred as a result of The Great Depression and WWII, during Roosevelt’s administra tion were The first and second new deal, mass migration and immigration due to both the Great Depression and WWII, and new government agenciesRead MoreEssay on The Harlem Renaissance1187 Words   |  5 Pagesexpression from about the end of World War I to the beginning of the Great Depression. Although it is most commonly associated with the literary works produced during those years, the Harlem Renaissance was much more than a literary movement; similarly, it was not simply a reaction against and criticism of racism. The Harlem Renaissance inspired, cultivated, and, most importantly, legitimated the very idea of an African-American cultural consciousness. Concerned with a wide range of issues and possessingRead MoreAmeric The Rise Of Organized Crime873 Words   |  4 Pagesorganized crime today but where did they arise from? The rise and growth of organized crime in America can be attributed to government intervention in the social lives of the people, the Great Depression, and the jurisdictional limitations set on the authorities at local, state, and federal levels. Government intervention into the social aspects of citizen’s lives ultimately set the stage for organized crime. Mandating certain activities and products as illegal may stop supply, but does not affectRead MoreMental Health Case Study1261 Words   |  6 Pageswas 0.84 for the test-retest. The means score for the clinic samples was 5.08 and 5.03 for the telephone interviews. The reliability appears to be great for this instrument and has similar results in different settings. Validity The validity of the PHQ-9 instrument appeared to be great. Out of the 41 patients that were diagnosed to have major depression their mean score was 17.1. Out of 65 patients diagnosed as having other depressive disorders their mean score was 10.4 on the PHQ-9. With a meanRead MoreFascism : An Authoritarian And Nationalistic Right Wing System Of Government And Social Organization1581 Words   |  7 PagesFascism is an authoritarian and nationalistic right-wing system of government and social organisation. The ideology had influence in countries such as Japan, Italy and Germany during the 1930s and 40s. The term was first used of the totalitarian right-wing nationalist regime of Mussolini in Italy from 1922-43. However, generally key components of the ideology include a supremacy of one national ethnic group within society, a contempt for democracy, an insistence on obedience to a powerful leaderRead MoreLessons Learnt From the Great Depression and Progressive Era1386 Words   |  6 PagesLessons from the Great Depression Progressive Era Lessons from the Great Depression Progressive Era The Progressive Era in American history began slightly before the turn of the 20th century and continued into the second decade of the 20th century, ending around the beginning of World War I. The Great Depression of 20th century American occurred in 1929 and the more intense short-term effects lasted up and through World War II. The paper will scrutinize specific events of this period providingRead MoreMemersion Reflection Analysis1593 Words   |  7 Pagesimmersion experience was the Domestic Violence Center located in West Chester, Pennsylvania. The services provided by this organization to victims of domestic violence are impressive. The second immersion was at the Food Bank of Delaware. It was great to tour the Food Bank facility and see workers in action to fight hunger in Delaware. Both immersion activities were enjoyable learning experiences. In addition, I enjoyed learning about some of the other immersions that my colleagues attended asRead MoreOverview of American His tory Since Civil War1235 Words   |  5 Pageshistorical turning points in the period under discussion. There are several historical turning points in the History of the United States of America since the aspect of the civil war. One of the essential historical turning points is the end of the cold war in 1989 thus falling of the Berlin war. Another historical turning point is the aspect of the digital life or age in 1975 thus integration of the personal computers into the economy of the United States. Another historical turning point is the votesRead MoreKaren Carpenter And Anorexia862 Words   |  4 Pageslosing weight, and not gaining weight. Karen’s great voice was better when accompanied by her siblings. She and her siblings were amazing when they sang and played instruments together (Stockdale 9). Many people have anorexia like Karen. With anorexia, there are details that many people most likely do not know. Anorexics typically have depression. Depression plays a big role because depression can interfere with one’s life in many negative aspects. Depression is not something to joke about. The treatmentRead MoreMuslim Women and the Effects of 9/11: The Need to Understand How to Treat the Psychological Aftermath1692 Words   |  7 Pagesthrough the media and its watchers who are not aware of the cultural beliefs and traditions. After the 9/11 events occurred, people were affected in variety of ways. The social work field was and continues to be in great need due to all of those who were affected. Although everyone was affected by this event, the Muslim community faced a double conundrum post-9/11. Not only were they affected by feeling the fear, trauma, depression, and confusion as the rest of the population, they also were

Monday, May 18, 2020

The Causes Of Memory Loss - 1017 Words

Memory loss is seen all over the world. About forty percent of people over 65 in United States experience memory impairment in their life which is about sixteen million people (Small. 2002). Memory loss is the inability to remember events that happened to you, or events that were important to you. Memory loss is different than forgetting someone’s birthday, the forgetfulness has to be more severe and last for a long amount of time, and it has to be major events that may strike odd to the person that they have forgotten the event. Memory loss is known mostly for the elderly, which can be caused by Dementia and Alzheimers, but memory loss can also be present in younger people who have experienced traumatic brain injuries, or amnesia.†¦show more content†¦The people will have a hard time remembering to remember, so they have a hard time remember to call people they promised to call, or go to appointments that have been scheduled. There are several treatments that pe ople with traumatic brain injuries can try. The patients can try out a few medicines that depend on the person on whether or not they will work. There is no permanent treatment to bring back but their memory, but they can also try compensatory strategies like writing down important stuff to sharpen their minds and drill information into their head (Hart, Sander, etl. December 21, 2017). Amnesia is a condition that is basically just memory loss, either stored information or new information that cannot be kept in the mind. The two main types of amnesia are anterograde and retrograde amnesia. Anterograde amnesia is the inability to remember new things since the transferring from short term to long term does not work. Retrograde amnesia is the loss of existing memories, and not being able to recall events that have already happened to you. Some other types of amnesia that are less popular are post traumatic amnesia which occurs after a traumatic brain injury, and global amnesia wh ich is where the person will experience both anterograde amnesia and retrograde amnesia at the same time. Amnesia has several different causes such as lesions to theShow MoreRelatedMajor Memory Loss Causes By James Gladwell Essay1383 Words   |  6 Pages5 Major Memory Loss Causes (and How To Protect Against Them) By James Gladwell | Submitted On September 22, 2012 Recommend Article Article Comments Print Article Share this article on Facebook Share this article on Twitter Share this article on Google+ Share this article on Linkedin Share this article on StumbleUpon Share this article on Delicious Share this article on Digg Share this article on Reddit Share this article on Pinterest Expert Author James Gladwell When it comes to thinkingRead MoreMemory Loss And Cognitive Thinking Impairments Come With Age1096 Words   |  5 PagesMemory loss and cognitive thinking impairments come with age. Many adults begin to worry when something as simple as misplacing their car keys happens. Just because one begins to have miniscule mind gaffs, does not mean one will forget everything or end up with dementia. â€Å"Even beyond cancer, the biggest fear among Americans, based on some surveys, is that a person will develop Alzheimer’s disease† (Factora 3). Scientists and doctors do not have definite proof of which factors cause age-relatedRead MoreThe Short Term Memory Loss Essay957 Words   |  4 PagesShort Term Memory Loss. Ironically most of us don’t even think about memory that often, much less Short Term Memory. Because of that, this psychological disorder often tends to get overlooked for a small problem that no one wants to take serious. Most people would recognize this di sorder from the popular movie, Finding Nemo. In which one of the main characters suffers from short term memory loss. In the film it’s taken as a lovable flaw, instead of the serious disorder that it is. But Short TermRead Morememory loss informative789 Words   |  4 Pages Attention Getter- Your memory is a monster; you forget- it doesn’t. It simply files things away. It keeps things for you, or hides things from you and summons them to your recall with a will of its own. You think you have a memory but it has you! (John Irving) B. Purpose – After hearing my speech the audience will be able to define and explain memory loss or dementia in adults. Why? : This is important because we all have a memory that could be affected by memory loss. C. Preview (PowerPoint) Read MoreSymptoms And Symptoms Of The Memory Loss1246 Words   |  5 Pagesrefers to memory loss. The cause for the memory loss can be due to several factors. The memory loss could be due to emotionally disturbing events; memory loss can also be cause of physical harm usually to the cephalic region. The disease also interrupts the normal everyday functioning of a person suffering amnesia. An individual may still be able to carry out certain activities despite the amnesia. Fortunately, there are diverse ways to treat amnesia. Pathophysiology Amnesia is a large scale loss of informationRead MoreSymptoms And Symptoms Of Alzheimer Disease1176 Words   |  5 Pagesthe United States. It usually starts with recent memory loss – then progresses to forgetting where you are, familiar faces and names. Eventually, the disease continues to progress and patients develop impaired mobility, difficulty swallowing, and inability to care for themselves. Alzheimer disease is a major cause of disability and death in the United States. Due to the importance of this condition, it is critical that patients understand its causes, symptoms, and treatment. By the end of this articleRead MoreMemories Are Valuable Precious Artifacts Of The Mind Essay1332 Words   |  6 PagesMemories are considered precious artifacts of the mind. A variety of elements could impact and influence the way we remember things and if we remember things. Perhaps a traumatic brain injury, an untreated infection that has spread to the brain, or a brain tumor, even though these rarely take the blame this is still a possibility. Treatments for incurable diseases may cause memory problems with memory due to the adverse effects they have on the body and mind. Remembering what we are, what kind ofRead MoreWays Of Improving Memory Loss1463 Words   |  6 Pages ways-to-improve-memory 10 Ways To Improve Memory Loss Naturally ways to improve memory Find the right way to improve memory that will also be healthy for the body naturally. Memory loss is common among the young and old these days. The Best Ways To Improve Memory What are the best ways to improve memory loss? It’s alright to seek medical attention especially for the elderly but if you are young you might want to consider the fresh or natural way first. Do you misplace your car keys quiteRead MoreAd : An Unidentified Mystery1224 Words   |  5 Pagesrise affecting over 106 million by 2050, this rise will cause serious economic, and social, problems not only to those affected by AD but, those who will required to care for them. (Dekkers, W., Marcel, O. R. 2006) According to scientific evidence those with AD occur to be 65 or older making it the number one cause for Alzheimer’s. Developing Alzheimer’s increases quickly every five years after the age of 65. AD slowly wears away at memory, and the ability to retain new information little by littleRead MoreAmnesia and Natural Memory Loss1501 Words   |  6 PagesAmnesia What is it? Amnesia and natural memory loss is two different things, natural memory loss can start at the age of forty-five but amnesia can happen at any age. There are five different types of main Amnesia that can cause different type of memory loss. †¢ Anterograde Amnesia †¢ Retrograde Amnesia †¢ Dissociative Amnesia †¢ Infantile Amnesia †¢ Transient Global Amnesia (TGA) (Theguardian), (medindia), (Curiosity) Anterograde Amnesia This type

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Nonverbal Communication And The Social Norms Of Communication

While communication across cultures relies on speech to convey the messages of those living in the same society, usually the unspoken language has a larger role to play in delivering these messages. Similar to the country’s language being specific to the region it surfaces from, body language and facial expressions also have individual characteristics within a particular region. There are shared attributes of nonverbal communication across the world but these are commonly divided into high and low context cultures. This results from different cultural beliefs and attitudes within such societies and impact on the social norms of communication. In Japan, the citizens communicate with actions and gestures to a larger percent in comparison to their speech, as they are able to understand each other’s meaning without additional words. Due to it being a high context culture Japan relies heavily on its nonverbal communication for its society to function efficiently and for ade quate comprehension to be achieved. In the Japanese community there are body language and facial expressions particularly directed towards family and social orientated interaction. These interactions concentrate on how nonverbal communication occurs through gestures during speech and the effect visuals have on an individual. These elements of the communication style are what construct Japan as the country it is today, one still positioned (â€Å"Japan Nonverbal Communication†, 2001, para.1) around a high contextShow MoreRelatedPersonal Space And Body Language Essay1142 Words   |  5 PagesLanguage Nonverbal Communication Across Cultures Leah Breiss and Brieana Valdez Clark University Author Note This paper was prepared for Management 170 Managerial Communication during the Fall Term 2016 Personal Space and Body Language Nonverbal Communication Across Cultures Introduction Nonverbal communication is a major factor role in every conversation. Eye contact, posture, and personal space determine how verbal communication is interpreted. Personal space is the aspect of nonverbal communicationRead MorePersonal Space And Body Language : Nonverbal Communication Across Cultures Essay1142 Words   |  5 PagesLanguage: Nonverbal Communication Across Cultures Leah Breiss and Brieana Valdez Clark University Author Note This paper was prepared for Management 170 Managerial Communication during the Fall Term 2016 Personal Space and Body Language: Nonverbal Communication Across Cultures Introduction Nonverbal communication is a major factor in every conversation. Eye contact, posture, and personal space determine how verbal communication is interpreted. Learning to use and understand nonverbal communicationRead MoreThree Theories of Nonverbal Communication Essay1231 Words   |  5 Pagesâ€Å"Systematic research on the role of nonverbal behavior in social interaction has been common only in the past 20 to 25 years.†(Edinger and Patterson, 1983, p. 30).because that statement was published in 1983, it is apparent that the study of nonverbal behavior has been around for roughly 50 to 55 years. However, that is still a relatively recent amount of time compared to research in other science fields such as chemistry or biology. Despite the fact that this field is relatively recent there areRead MoreIs Nonverbal Communication Important? Essay1056 Words   |  5 PagesIntroduction Nonverbal communication plays a central role in every conversation. Eye contact, posture, and proximity determine how verbal communication is interpreted. Every culture has its own form of nonverbal communication that impacts the way a person is understood outside their homeland. Erin Meyer, an American writer, misinterpreted her audience in Japan because they were using a form of nonverbal communication she did not understand. Egypt’s nonverbal communication differs from Australia’sRead MoreExpectancy Violation Theory And Its Significance1650 Words   |  7 Pagestheory and its significance in understanding interpersonal communication. The theory highlights the unexpected behavior of human being while interacting (Dainton, 2011). This theory is based on the reduction uncertainty where ambiguity on behaviors of others is reduced through interaction. Expectancy violations theory offers some prospect to compare the personality of traditional empiricism with humanism. The theory was developed from the Nonverbal expectancy violation model of Burgoon who describes theRead MoreNonverbal Communication And Nonverbal Behavior1169 Words   |  5 PagesOur textbook describes the communicative value of nonverbal communications as communication by nonlinguistic means, whether visually, physically, or vocally: another meaning involves messages expressed without words. Nonverbal communication involves messages expressed without words. Nonverbal resembles verbal communication in some ways and is quite different from it in others Nonverbal is the process of intentionally or unintentionally signaling meaning as to how we want others to view us. We alsoRead MoreSpatial Zones And Body Language996 Words   |  4 PagesBody Language Nonverbal Communication Across Cultures Leah Breiss and Briana Valdez Clark University Author Note This paper was prepared for Management 170 Managerial Communication taught by Professor Cheryl Amantea during the Semester Term Fall 2016 Spatial Zones and Body Language Nonverbal Communication Across Cultures Introduction Nonverbal communication plays a central role in any conversation. Eye contact, posture, and proximity all determine how verbal communication is interpretedRead MoreEssay on Nonverbal Communication and Cultural Differences1649 Words   |  7 PagesNonverbal communication has always played an important role in the entire communication process. It may include gestures, kinesics, haptics and other means, which a person incorporates into the communication process. These acts make the communication process more effective and meaningful. However, nonverbal communication is highly influenced by cultural differences as the context of the culture defines how the message is interpreted. This essay will analyse several types of nonverbal communicationRead MoreFace Communication Is More Effective Than Other Types Of Communication1408 Words   |  6 Pagesface to face communication is more or less effective than other types of communication, such as the importance of facial expressions and n onverbal body language. Communication would be considered effective when the most information is conveyed between the people involved. Nonverbal body language is generally nonverbal behaviours that can include interpersonal distance, body movement, facial behaviour, touch, vocal behaviours, and others. (Hall, Coats and LeBeau, 2005) With nonverbal body languageRead MoreTopics On Language And Culture1494 Words   |  6 Pagesthe world it takes more than just knowledge of norms and practices. The interplay between language and culture consists of a multitude of factors of which three stand out above the rest. Nonverbal communication, bilingualism, and differences in communication among genders are intrinsically connected across cultures in such a way that cultures influence language structure in line with cultural norms, and language, in turn, influences cultural norms, creating a cycle by which both language and culture

The Use and Application of Context Essay Example

Essays on The Use and Application of Context Essay The paper "The Use and Application of Context" is an excellent example of an essay on education. The context refers to the consideration of the situation that an intervention is being administered as well as that of the person and the desired outcome. It enhances the capacity to develop good interventions in managing the developmental problems that children face. The application of context can ensure that the problem becomes clearly understood and the intervention being applied is able to provide a lasting solution to the problem (Cale et al., 2009). This becomes a critical part of the assessment by making it accurate through the minimization of various errors that might occur.The use of context remains essential during assessments and making interventions as the results of the solution that is developed are based on the problem which a child has. The application of different contexts can enable caregivers to identify the specific challenges faced by a child and be able to focus on a ssisting the child from the perspective of the particular problem identified (Harry, 2008). Through such an approach, the solution devised provides a comprehensive solution. The different levels of skills that children have can also be identified through the application of context. This will enable the separation of the children according to their developmental capabilities.The conceptualization of a problem ensures that the impact of the assessment and intervention can also be examined to determine effectiveness. The conceptual approach ensures that the functional challenges that children face are addressed completely since they can be accurately identified (Klingner Harry, 2006). An accurate assessment is the beginning point for an accurate intervention. Through the conceptualization process of a problem, the observable behavioral transformation coming as a result of the intervention can also be conceptualized. The interventions can then be compared to other situations and assess ed for effectiveness in other developmental challenges.

Concepts of Developmental Psychology Free Essays

General adaptation syndrome (GAS) and its stages (think of real-world examples) 8. Lazarus’ primary and secondary appraisal (think of real-world examples) 9. Problem-focused and emotion-focused coping (think of real-world examples) 1 1 . We will write a custom essay sample on Concepts of Developmental Psychology or any similar topic only for you Order Now Type A and Type B behavior pattern 12. Optimism 13. Sexually transmitted diseases CHAPTER 11 STUDY GUIDE (Define,’describe all terms) 1. Personality 2. Sigmund Freud and his emphasis on unconscious forces 3. Unconscious, preconscious, conscious 4. ‘d, ego, superego – what they are and what â€Å"principle† the operate with 5. Defense mechanisms – list and define 6. Psychosocial stages of development (see chart on page. 358) Know how to apply these! 7. Alfred Idler’s individual psychology . Inferiority complex 9. Conditions of worth 10. Characteristics of self-actualization individuals 11. Unconditional positive regard 12. Trait theories 13. Cardinal and central traits 14. Raymond Chattel’s source traits 15. Five-factor model 16. Extroversion and introversion 17. Reciprocal determinism 18. External and internal locus of control Please reproduce the pyramid and label the levels representing Mascots Hierarchy of Needs. The five questions that help determine whether behavior is abnormal 2. Definition of psychological disorder . Cognitive perspective 4. The category of disorders that is most prevalent in the U. S. 5. Panic disorder 6. Generalized anxiety disorder 7. Social phobia 8. Obsession 9. Compulsion 10. Major depressive disorder 11. Bipolar disorder 13. Risk factors for suicide 14. Psychosis 15. Schizophrenia 16. Delusion 17. Paranoid schizophrenia 18. Dissociation disorders (remember, this is NOT THE SAME THING as schizophrenia) 19. Dissociation identity disorder 20. Antisocial personality disorder (Define,’describe all terms) 1. Insight therapy 2. Psychodrama therapy 3. Techniques used in psychoanalysis 4. Carl Rogers, humanism, and person-centered therapy 5. Humanistic therapy 6. Person-centered therapy 7. Types of relationship therapies 8. Behavioral therapy 9. Time out 10. Factors that increase the effectiveness of time out 1 1 . Systematic desensitizing 12. Flooding 13. Exposure and response prevention 14. Aversion therapy 15. Participant modeling and Bandanna’s observational learning theory 16. How to cite Concepts of Developmental Psychology, Papers

Airline Industry The Impact Of Deregulation -Myassignmenthelp.Com

Question: Discuss About The Airline Industry The Impact Of Deregulation? Answer: Introduction Tourism industry is one of the major industry that has helped in the economic growth of a nation. Tourism is the way an individual travel for pleasure and for any business purposes (Westcott, 2012). Today, tourism has become one of the major source of income because it helps in the balance of payments of a nation. Likewise, an interrelationship is defined as when any business start working with other companies in which they have strong interrelationships and one cannot be successful with the help of other. There are some issues which are still not clear and a nation must work on it to eradicate those issues. There are also major trends that helped tourism industry to stand on the top (Kangut, 2012). I have learned that there are many factors that have an adverse effect on this industry which must be taken into consideration. Emerging trends and its future impacts Travelers have stated that the cost involved in the travelling and other additional fares are increasing day by day which ultimately reduces the number of travelers to visit any destination. In the recent years, the airline industry has reduced the amount of fares and controlled their budgets by focusing on the bag check fees and other many paying costs (Kalyanaraman, 2015). Earlier, the fares for travelling were very inclusive and they used to focus on the destination rather than focusing on the high prices. But today, it has more focused on cost rather than focusing on the destination. (Elliott, 2014). Despite of all the issues, airlines industry are also offering several options which will be based on the total amount a traveler wishes to invest and it has also provided the easy access to overseas travelling. The agreement between Chinese and Australian government has provided aid in this industry and aimed at reducing the tedious journey for a traveler (Cameron, 2013). Economic growth Tourism industry in Australia in strongly growing and has also contributed to the economic growth. It has strongly grown in the last two decades because the total number of visitors is doubled from 1992 to 2014. The total number of international visitors were 2.5 million in the year 1992 which resulted in 6.7 million in 2014. This shows that the tourism industry in Australia has grown with some massive changes. Tourism is one of the major source of income which helps to increase the GDP of the country (Burkhard, 2016). There are some changes in the Australian airport which created a positive impact on the travelers experience of the airport. The major changes can be seen in the Brisbane Airport which was involved in several projects worth $3.8 billion. It aimed at expanding several terminals and car parking as well. Likewise, Canberra Airport is also redeveloping itself by introducing more food and beverages stores and managing children area so that kids can have fun during the intervals. The government of Australia is also going to invest $3 billion in building the next airport in Sydney in mid 2020s (Narendra, 2013). Technology upliftment There is a huge change that can be observed in the tourism sector and of the major changes can be seen is the changes in the technologies. The technology of mobile phones has changed the whole nation and today a traveler can plan their trips on phones. They are provided the facility to search and plan according to their requirements and budget plans (Glion, 2017). Several flights are available at cheap rates which covers the 60% of the customer demands and also helps to generate 40% of the revenue. Mobile phone has made the travelers to plan their unplanned trips within a click. A traveler just need to pull out their phone and get a price and book the tickets. The message alerts and pop up messages can always be seen on ones mobile phones. I have also personally experienced the use of mobile phone to encourage tourism industry (Lenior, 2016). I was planning to attend a concert and I searched on it about the venue and the timings. It was going to be held in New York. As long as I was searching for all the details regarding the concert, there was a pop up messages and a search window where flights to New York were seen that would match the timings of the concert as well. One can book the flight right away and attend the event without any investing much time in looking more options. Decline of the generic holiday Travel has become a trend in the todays era. Because of the updates in the technology, one can see how many people are looking forward to travel for any specific reasons. There can be many purposes as mentioned below. Living like a local: This has given an upliftment to the people who have travelled to gain personalized experience and authentic experience as well. Airbnb provides the services that takes the traveler from their destination to a very new city. They either travel for few days, few weeks or few months and have fun and gain lots of experiences. Working holiday: There are many people who prefer to combine two activities in one i.e. travelling along with working. This has become a new trend to work and travel. Such type of trips is known as bleisure trip. Bleisure trips are the trips which are multitasking in nature where you pick work along with your bulky bags. In such trips a traveler generally carries laptops with them so that they can use it anytime and complete their work along with the trips. I personally believe that a person should complete their work in the work place and avoid carrying their work on the roads. Because if a person is involved in two tasks, then he/she cannot either enjoy the trip or can he work properly. Ecotourism: The climate changes from time to time and when a traveler plans a trip, he can easily get the climate updates. And also avoid going to endangered destinations. The travelers plan those trips which have the suitable climate and which also meet their requirements as well (Global environment, 2017). Interrelationships An interrelationship is when a when one company works with another company to get the mutual benefits (Weebly, 2014). Let us take an example for an instance, I had once visited British Museum in London. It had many restaurants and stores around. The British Museum was linked to all those caf and stores which helps it to attract huge number of visitors towards it. They have interrelationships with those restaurants and stores which made the museum more successful. Chain of distribution The above diagram shows the interrelationships between the intermediaries that are involved between a traveler and service providers. The chain of distribution shows how a consumer gets a product. In the tourism industry, hotels offer packages and make a bucket of offers together and serve those packages to the tour operators. Later the tour operators carry forward it to the travel agents and those agents sell those packages directly to the consumers. So, basically the chain of distribution is working together to ensure that the travelers get best offers and packages to travel and have lots of fun. It is very difficult to meet the customers expectation in this industry (Cook et al, 2014). Tour operators and Travel agents These two areas are inter linked with each other. Travel agents are those people who arranges a travelers itinerary. Agents are responsible for all the deals and offers which are provided to the traveler (Education, 2013). For an example: Lunn Poly is a travel agency which aims at selling trips for Kuoni which is a tour operator. Kuoni aims at providing luxury holidays. Attractions and Transport Operators These two sectors are also interconnected to each other. Many transport facilities are provided by the transport operators who visits the places. They usually provide bus routes and tube routes as well. They also make certain announcements which makes easy for the traveler to travel from one location to another location (Moutinho, 2011). Transport operators and Tour operators Transport operator and tour operator work together by offering huge ranges of destinations with best deals and packages along with the best experience of flights. Tour operator manages the tours by providing the best deals and transport operators managed the transportation facility of the traveler. For an example: First choice is a tour operator and Thomson Airways is the transport operator (Newsroom, 2015). There are mainly 5 different sectors within the tourism industry which are listed below. Accommodation: It includes all the hotels and restaurants where a traveler lives in. It is further categorized on the basis of the star rating of the hotel and budget of the traveler. Events and conferences: It includes the certain conferences and events that takes place at different places for which a customer wishes to plan a trip and attend those conferences and concerts. Food and beverages: This sector also plays a major role in the tourism industry. This sector helps a customer to eat healthy and remain healthy because getting healthy food while traveling is one of the major concern. This sector ensures that the customer gets the food according to their requirements (UKEssay, 2015). Transportation: It helps a traveler to move from one place to another place with the help of vehicles. It provides the facility of vehicles which are used by the customer for their convenience. Tourism services: This service understands the demand of the customers and plans trips according to their budget by offering the best deals and offers which will best suit the customers requirements (Hall, Timothy Duval, 2012). The stages of the costumer journey involve six major levels. The below figure shows the six stages of travel which a customer faces from initial to the destination Planning Planning is the way of drafting something and working accordingly. It is the very first stage of a travelers journey. Whenever a person gets bored, he/she plans to visit or go out for a day, weeks or more than weeks to refresh their mind. Last year, I remember I was getting bored during my vacation and planned a holiday of 15days. I planned to visit Paris. Booking Booking tickets is the second stage of the customers journey while traveling. When I made a plan to visit Paris, I searched for all the packages and plans along with the best deals. Later I consulted several travel agents and finally booked the tickets to Paris. Anticipating This is the third stage of the journey. Anticipating is the way of predicting anything in advance. After I booked my tickets to Paris, I started thinking and making assumptions like will I have enough time to visit all the places, will I be able to do lots of shopping and many more. So, finally I collected all my stuffs sand packed my luggage to reach the place. In route In route is the fourth stage of the journey when one finally gets on the way to reach a certain destination. After packing all the luggage, I finally reached the destination. I was very excited to look at Paris and have fun over there. There lived my 3 of the friends who were supposed to pick me up and guide me to visit all the places of Paris. Destination It really makes a person happy when they plan something and implement it successfully. Finally, I reached the destination and the same happened to me. I was so happy and bit tired too because it was too long journey. I took a nap for a while and then planned to visit the museums on the very first day. Dreaming It was a week plan because I had already spent my half of my holidays with my family. I visited all the places and it was like a dream came true. I came back to my place but the memories were still running on my mind. Airline Industry An airline industry is the industry which provides air services to its customers with the utilization of air crafts. Today, the worlds airlines carry nearly 3billion of travelers in a year with 50million tons of freight. It has contributed $664.4 billion to a nation by increasing the total global GDP. It has also created 9.9 million jobs which has helped huge number of people to get employed (Morrison Winston, 2010). Evolution of Airline Industry The birth of flight took place in 1903. Air travelling is one of the major means of transportation. This airline industry has made 100 successful years in this sector by providing the way to travel and have fun. In this industry, it has served not only through the means of transportation but also provided the way of living. Early 20th century Airlines industry was widely used in the 20th century but people were afraid to fly because of the risks involved in it. The Air Act developed the airline industry with certified aircrafts and licensed pilots along with several regulations and protocols. Pan American, Western Air Express and Ford Transport services are the first commercial airlines introduced in the early 29th century. After 10 years, United and American airlines were introduced (Dixon, 2015). Late 20th century New routes along with new carriers were introduced into the airline industry which helped to connect cities via layovers. It was easy to access and move from one place to another. The prices were reduced which aimed at increasing the number of customers. Pan American and TWA began to decline because of the huge competition in the market (Williams, 2017). 21st century In 2001, business travel was reduced which gave rise to the cost of fuel and labor. Several issues regarding this industry were raised because of which number of passengers were reduced and operating cost was increased. There was a continuous loss seen in the Australian Airlines and no profit was generated till the year 2006. All the issues were regarding the quality and the services like flight delay and unavailability of proper hygiene inside the aircraft. It also included the fares that were charged very high because of the costs involved in it. Later in 2010 and 2011, the department of transportation generated a set of protocols that every airline must follow in order to create some modifications that will benefit the passengers and increase their numbers as well. Future of Airline Industry One of the most important industry which is growing and attracting huge number of customers is airline industry. Besides of its growth, there are some issues like risk of oil prices which can be seen in this industry. The prices of the oil which is used for aircraft is increasing day by day which will increase the fares of airline at the end to match up with those costs Airline manufacturers will continue to save energy in the coming few years with the use of several technologies like designing the engine in a more better way, more direct routes for aircraft, faster turnaround, and many more. It also includes consolidating the smaller airlines. Moreover, the passengers will be provided the options of budget, premium budget, traditional economy and premier business class which will be decided according to the budget of the passengers (Belobaba, Odoni, Barnhart, 2015). Keeping the energy prices rise aside, the passengers will definitely fly more and spend more in planning their trips and giving an opportunity to raise income of the airline industry. Burning fuel in the plane engine is also another issue which will be faced in very near future. Many of the airline will burn carbon-based fuel because the average life of a new plane is 30years. The only form of transport which is apart from ships is aircraft. It will be using carbon-based fuel in the ne xt 30-40 years. Batteries are too heavy to be used for commercial aircrafts, solar cells are too feeble and fuels are too bulky which provides too little energy that can be useful for planes (Kletzel Terry, 2017). Issues in airline industry: It must focus on the experience, convenience, quality and value for money because major issues are seen under these categories only. Strategies required: This industry must be flexible and alternative strategies must be prepared when some sudden incidents may take place. The alternative strategies must be activated within an hour. Greatest risk factors: Complacency is one of the major risks involved in this industry. Greatest opportunity: It provides a wonderful experience which is very imaginary and an efficient way. Today every people loves to travel and plan trips so that they can recreate fun their life. Thus, it can be concluded that Airlines industry is one of the major industry that gives an economic push in a nation and the world as well. Despite of the several issues involved in this industry, this industry has grown successfully in the recent years and has also increased the number of passengers. References Belobaba, P., Odoni, A., Barnhart, C. (Eds.). (2015). the global airline industry. John Wiley Sons. Burkhard, S. (2016). Travel trends. Viewed on 13th February, 2018. 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